Financial Education

Choose the perfect mortgage for you

Don't know where to start when it comes to mortgages? We can help. We'll guide you through choosing the perfect mortgage for you.


Learn which are the best mortgage options that can help you get your dream house in no time!

Select a mortgage based on your preferences

Low credit score
Flexible down payment
Advantages for cash buyers
No application fees
Flexible terms

Are you trying to choose the perfect mortgage for you? I know that buying your dream home and navigating all the different options available can be tough!

With all sorts of mortgages available on the market, it can be tricky to figure out which one is right for you. Don’t worry, though – we’re here to help!

House isolated in the field

5 types of mortgage loans

A mortgage loan can be a great way to purchase a home, but there are several different types of mortgage loans available. Find out which one is best for you!

Our 101 guide will help you choose the perfect mortgage for your needs. We’ll discuss different types of mortgages and help you understand how they work!

So whether you’re a first-time homebuyer or just doing some research, we’ve got you covered! Let’s get started!

What is a mortgage, and how does it work?

Before we get started with all the details, you need to learn the basics of a mortgage.

Simply put, a mortgage is a type of loan secured by real estate that can be used to buy or refinance a home!

In a mortgage, a financial institution lends money to potential homebuyers, which must be repaid monthly with interest over a set period.

The repayment term usually varies between 10 to 30 years. Also, borrowers won’t need a bank account or a pre-existing relationship with the financial institution to apply for a mortgage.

Usually, the property you’re buying is used as collateral. This way, lenders can guarantee you will pay back the borrowed money.

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Rocket Mortgage: how to apply

Interested in this mortgage loan? So let’s take a look at how to apply for the Rocket Mortgage. Keep reading and apply today!

Does getting a mortgage affect your credit score?

Well, the answer is yes! Initially, a mortgage will temporarily hurt your credit score since lenders often pull your credit history hard to decide which offers you’ll get!

But you don’t need to worry! This credit injury will last until you prove you can repay the mortgage loan.

Therefore, make sure you make your payments on time and keep your debt-to-income ratio at an acceptable level!

To be fair, mortgages will not only hurt your credit. But they can help you raise too. So remember to stay on top of your payments.

This way, your payment history will be reported to the major credit bureaus!

How do mortgage rates work?

Close up thoughtful African American businessman looking at laptop screen
Learn how mortgage rates work before choosing your mortgage! Source: Adobe Stock

When applying for a mortgage, you must consider this one of the most important numbers. Multiple factors can determine what interest rates you’ll get on your mortgage!

However, lenders consider two things fundamental when setting an interest rate for their applicants! The current market rates and your creditworthiness.

The current market rates cannot be controlled; it fluctuates depending on multiple factors. Therefore, sometimes it can be higher or lower.

On the other hand, we have your creditworthiness, which is determined by your credit report.

Therefore, if you want to guarantee that you’ll get good interest rates, ensure you stay on top of your finances.

You can keep a higher credit history by your payment history, length of credit history, credit usage, types of accounts, and your recent activity.

Then make sure you monitor those factors if you want your credit report to be positive.

Different types of mortgages available

There are several mortgage types currently available in the market. Each one comes with a different requirement, interest rate, and benefits.

Below, let’s take a closer look at the most common mortgages offered!

Convention Loans

Conventional loans are the ones that are not backed or guaranteed by the federal government. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac define the requirements.

Conventional loans are usually a popular choice between lenders. It requires a minimum down payment of as little as 3% of the property price.

Usually, when borrowers opt for paying less than 20% of the down payment, they must pay for private mortgage insurance (PMI).

Conventional loans normally cost lower than other types of loans and can be used for a primary house, second home, or investment property.

Jumbo Loan

Jumbo Loans are mostly used for large home purchases. This type of mortgage is requested in higher-cost areas.

It allows customers to borrow substantial money to buy a high-end house. The amount can get up to $2 million for a loan.

This type of loan often has competitive rates compared to conventional loans and offers fixed or adjustable rates.

However, it requires a higher minimum down payment that can get up to 20%, and the minimum credit score requirements are also higher.

Government-backed loans

The federal government issues this type of mortgage. There are three different types of government-insured mortgages!

The first one it’s the Federal Housing Administration, or simply the FHA loan.

This type of mortgage has competitive rates and requires a minimum down payment of 3.5%¨of the home value. Also, FHA requires a minimum score of 850.

Secondly, we have de U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) loan. This mortgage is destined for borrowers who want to purchase homes in rural areas.

They accept applicants with lower incomes, and no down payment is required. However, the property must be located in an eligible area.

Lastly, we have the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). This mortgage type is destined for the U.S. military and their families. No down payment or mortgage insurance is required.

What should you consider before applying for a mortgage?

Happy cheerful young female sitting at desk with calculator and laptop holding pen and mug having overjoyed look, exclaiming Yes with excitement, finally paid off mortgage debt, feeling free
Learn what you should consider when choosing a mortgage! Source: Adobe Stock

Choosing a mortgage to help you finance your dream home is not that easy! There are some factors that you must consider before applying for it.

First, you must analyze your current financial situation, needs, and preferences. Therefore, find out how long you intend to live in the house and your job expectations for the future.

Also, review your credit score! Remember that this three-digit number can determine your creditworthiness and how likely you are to pay your debt.

So if your credit score is not that good, take your time to work on it!

Also, you need to shop around and look for the best lenders based on their purchasing and refinancing costs. Take a look at rates, terms, and down payments, for example.

This way, you can determine how much you’re willing to spend on your mortgage!

How to select the best mortgage for you?

If you want to choose the best mortgage, consider your needs! There is no magic when it comes to choosing a mortgage.

It only takes time to analyze your situation and find out what’s best for you.

To help you with that, here we have three tips on what you should consider in your mortgage research!

Consider your financial situation

A mortgage is not only taking the money and buying a home! As a result, you need to consider multiple factors!

For example, set how much you’re willing to pay for a home! Also, find out how much of a down payment you can afford! Also, how the monthly repayment will affect your budget?

Remember that buying a house includes multiple costs. So make sure you consider all the details before selecting a mortgage to apply for.

Shop around through the multiple loan option

As you previously saw, several mortgage loans are currently available. Therefore, the basics for making a good decision is comparing.

Learn everything there is to learn about mortgage types, including rates, down payments, closing costs, and more!

This way, you can make a way more informed decision!

Compare lenders

Not only comparing mortgage types is important! Each lender has its terms and conditions for borrowers.

As a result, you must shop around for lenders too. Compare closing costs, lender fees, interest, and more! You can find all these pieces of information on the lender’s website!

So remember, the more transparent the lender is, the better conditions you can get!

Bottom line

Well, I think you’re ready to start your mortgage journey! It might be daunting at first, but with these tips and some research, you choose the right mortgage for you!

To help you even more, we have another great article ready! Then keep reading to find out how your credit score can impact your mortgage rate!

Symbol for increasing interest rates. Dice with percentage symbo

How your credit score impacts your mortgage rate

Your credit score may greatly impact the interest rate you qualify for. This article covers how to improve it and what factors influence your mortgage rates.

About the author  /  Beatriz Vieira

Beatriz Vieira is a producer and copywriter who is part of the finance writer team in this portal. She has a degree in Journalism and aims to improve her bilingual writing skills. Her subjects of most significant interest are culture, finances, and self-development.

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